In the third installment of our deep dive into the Rolex Sea-Dweller history, we take a look at the ref. 16660. Often nicknamed the “Triple Six” and considered a transitional reference, this Sea-Dweller brought about many changes to Rolex’s extreme diver’s watch. Let’s explore the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 “Triple Six” in more detail.
The Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 made its debut in 1978. Surprisingly, Rolex did not discontinue the production of the preceding Sea-Dweller ref. 1665 “Great White.” Rather, both references were available alongside each other for a few years. This was probably because, although they shared the same model name, the Sea-Dweller ref. 1665 and the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 were different beasts indeed.
The Stainless Steel SeaDweller 1665 is the first featured watch in our Sea-Dweller series.
The Design Improvements of the Sea-Dweller Triple Six
The then-new and now vintage Rolex Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 Triple Six boasted plenty of changes. Firstly, its water resistance doubled to 4.000 feet (1,220 meters). As a tool watch positioned for deep sea divers, this was certainly a practical and impressive enhancement. The improved water depth rating was thanks in part to a larger helium escape valve (HEV). A quick refresh, the HEV is the Rolex-patented mechanism that allows watches to properly decompress when resurfacing. That is, the HEV automatically releases built up helium (and other gasses) from the watch. The releasing of the gasses essentially normalizes differences in internal and external pressure, thus preventing the crystal from bursting off or other damage to the watch.
The Rolex Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 can go to a depth of 4000 ft.
The Rolex ref. 16660 Triple Six was also the first Sea-Dweller with a sapphire crystal protecting the dial. Of course, sapphire crystal is now standard across all Rolex watches, especially prized for its scratch resistance. Like all versions of the Sea-Dweller (up until the most recent version released at Baselworld 2017) the sapphire crystal of the ref. 16660 does not include a Cyclops magnification lens above the date window. Since all other Rolex date models include the Cyclops lens, this is a design detail that sets the Sea-Dweller apart from the rest and is appreciated by many.
Also, sitting on top of the ref. 16660 watch was now a unidirectional bezel instead of a bi-directional one. Needless to say, this is much safer for divers since overestimating immersions times is far better than underestimating them.
The Improved Caliber of the Sea-Dweller Triple Six
In addition to the above modifications, the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 also had a new automatic caliber ticking inside. The new model housed Caliber 3035, which replaced the Caliber 1575 of the previous Sea-Dweller ref. 1665.
The new Caliber 3035 operated at a higher frequency—28,800 beats per hour rather than 19,800 bph. Moreover, it was also more shock resistant—a much-appreciated feature for a robust dive watch.
A super practical upgrade that the Caliber 3035 brought to the Sea-Dweller ref. 16665 was the quickset date feature. This now meant that wearers could set the date quickly, independently of the hour hand.
The Dials of the Sea-Dweller Triple Six
As with many vintage Rolex models, there are several dial variations of the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660. The first batch of the Triple Six models (serial numbers: about 5.9 million to about 8.5 million) featured a matte black dial without surrounds on the circular tritium hour markers. Plus, among these matte black dials, there are two main versions—Mark I and Mark II.
- MK 1: Shorter Rolex coronet under 12 o’clock. The “f” in “ft” is above the letter “E” in “SUPERLATIVE.”
- MK 2: Longer Rolex coronet under 12 o’clock where sometimes the crown actually touches the inverted triangle above it. The “f” in “ft” is above the letter “V” in “SUPERLATIVE.”
Can you guess which dial this Sea-Dweller has?
Following the matte dials, Rolex outfitted the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 with glossy black dials with white gold on the circular tritium hour markers. The first batch of these glossy dials (Mark III) actually had two interesting details. The first one was that the hyphen between “SEA” and “DWELLER” was no longer included. The second was that these new glossy dials had a defect, which caused them to crack or “spyder.”
Rolex remedied the situation and offered up a second version of the glossy dial (Mark IV) with no cracking problem and the return of the hyphen. The crown was also slightly elongated and the font slightly altered. It’s worth noting that the once glossy dials are turning matte as they get older. As expected, this is now something that has piqued the interest of vintage Rolex collectors worldwide.
There were also COMEX dials of the Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 Triple Six, but we will cover these in-depth in another article dedicated to COMEX Rolex Sea-Dweller watches. So stay tuned for that one.
What comes after the Sea-Dweller 16660?
The transitional Sea-Dweller ref. 16660 Triple Six was in production for a decade where it was eventually replaced by the ref. 16600 in 1988. The Sea-Dweller ref. 16600 will, naturally, be the topic of our next chapter on the Sea-Dweller history, so make sure not to miss that one.
What are your thoughts on the Sea-Dweller Triple Six? Are you a fan of the Sea-Dweller model in general?
Read the previous installment on the Sea-Dweller 1665 known as the “Great White”.